Health Assessment – Stethoscopes
Health assessment is the very important and largely the first step towards identifying the patient’s problem. It is done by health care teams before any other diagnostic tests are done to diagnose the disease. A health assessment not only helps to identify the health problem but also helps in the overall treatment of the patients. Patient health is evaluated by carrying out a physical examination on the patient. These tests also help in monitoring the general health condition of the patients and take preventive measures for the future as well as existing health problems.
Health assessment is usually carried out at the time of consultation with healthcare providers such as doctors, nurses, and therapists. The process of health assessment may include many procedures like blood, urine, stool, and X-ray examination. Each of these procedures are used to get detailed information about the physical condition of the patients. It enables the health professionals to provide appropriate treatment to the patients and identifies any potential serious health issues.
A health assessment is required by all healthcare providers. But there are some situations when health assessment is required by the healthcare provider prior to the start of a medical procedure. In these situations, the healthcare provider may use the results of physical examination for the purpose of diagnosis or planning treatment. A physical exam is a reliable way to assess the general health condition of a patient and provide the correct diagnosis.
The process of health assessment starts when a healthcare provider decides to conduct a physical exam. For that he/she will need the assistance of a qualified health care provider. He/She will give instructions to the health care provider about the procedures to be performed. The health assessment process may include several procedures like blood draw, urine test, stool sample, X-ray, and blood pressure reading. The collection of urine and stool is done under local anesthesia and the collection of blood is usually done in the operating room.
During the physical examination, a lighted stethoscope is used to examine the upper respiratory tract including the throat, nose, and chin. The purpose of this is to discover any unusual odors or smells and any abnormalities on the lung tissue, chest wall, or abdomen. The healthcare provider also uses a stethoscope to check the heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature of the patient. Usually, a large chest wall to chest ratio is taken for abnormal assessment.
During the second part of the physical examination, the healthcare provider may order laboratory tests as ordered by him/her. These could include blood specimen, urine specimen, or culture and tissue culture of the sputum. When any abnormal findings are detected, it is necessary to take the sample for further investigation. The biopsy is the next step of the clinical endoscopy and it is carried out when the healthcare provider detects abnormal growths in the tissue through the x-ray machine.