The Importance of Correctly Implementing and Maintaining Health and Safety Programs
Occupational health and safety, also known as occupational safety and health, occupational health and safety engineering, is a multi-disciplinary field dealing specifically with the health and safety of individuals at work. It is more closely related to the concept of occupational safety than safety engineering. This study has come under the observance of various health and safety management organizations that have been set up by governments and other governmental agencies. It has been found to be the best source of information regarding worker health and safety issues, thus leading to the formulation of different safety programs. It primarily deals with the identification, evaluation, implementation, and regulation of occupational health and safety rules and regulations in all workplaces. The main objective of occupational health and safety is to ensure that the working environment is safe and does not present any danger to the workers.
Occupational health hazards can occur due to many different reasons and these include exposure to harmful substances, toxic chemicals, radiation, fire, grinding or drilling, heavy equipment, vibration, noise, and overcrowding among others. The main job of occupational safety and health is to evaluate risks, control risks, and promote health and safety in the workplace. Safety regulations are enforced to protect the workers from health hazards and the major tools used to achieve this are health and safety policies, safety equipment, personal protective equipment, and emergency measures. Employers are responsible for providing safe workplaces for their employees by following all the rules and regulations.
A few things need to be considered when managing health and safety at the workplace. Firstly, all the equipment used should be reliable and durable to ensure optimal performance and efficiency. Health and safety rules and regulations specify the types of equipment that are required to be present in a workplace. Different safety programs are also imposed to manage workplace accidents. The first level of a safety program is personal protective equipment like safety glasses and gloves. This ensures personal protection against diseases, irritants, and hazards like burns and cuts.
Another important tool for preventing workplace accidents and hazards is engineering controls like safety gates and closed safety doors. Safety flooring is also an important tool for preventing hazards. It should be smooth, flat, free of debris, and easily cleaned. All the machines and tools in the workplace should be properly maintained and kept in good condition.
Another tool used in controlling health and safety in the workplace is hazard identification and response. Hazard identification is necessary to determine the type of hazard that needs to be controlled, and the actions required to contain and avoid it. The response is implemented once the identified hazard has been determined. These safety programs require frequent monitoring to identify new hazards and to make changes that will help prevent further injury or damage.
Control, identification, and response are tools that help businesses reduce health and safety risks and improve worker safety. These activities are performed through comprehensive occupational health programs, including health and safety policies and procedures, training, and hazard identification and response. Employers should implement a safety policy that ensures worker protection against occupational exposure to harmful substances and environments. A safety plan should include all aspects of safety management, from the prevention of diseases and injury to the preparation and follow-up of safety programs and practices.