Technology Forecasting And Social Change – Interpreting Patterns And Trends
Technological Forecasting and Social change is an open peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Elsevier that talks about social change, technology forecasting, and future technology assessments. Issues have been written about since 1969, when issues dealing with the future of technology were first becoming prominent. These days, technology forecasting and social change are as topical as they can get. Issues dealing with the use of technology in social settings are now getting more attention from various quarters, including governments, businesses, academics, and others. Issues such as discrimination, freedom of speech, privacy, surveillance, privacy, environmental impact, and equality are among the topics discussed in this fast-paced scientific journal.
This article is intended to be a brief introduction to these important issues. Technological forecasting and social change are concerned with identifying the underlying technologies and associated policies and procedures that will facilitate or inhibit the societal transformation process. The key drivers for transformation are changing values, expectations, priorities, institutions, practices, and organizations. In fact, transformation can occur even without a significant societal change. Technological change is sometimes also accompanied by social change. The main difference between transformation and change is the magnitude of the transformation, which is generally greater than that of change in underlying technologies or attitudes.
There are many factors influencing transformation. Many of these can be seen in the current wave of technology innovation. Rapidly emerging disruptive technologies are causing considerable disquiet, disruption, and debate around the world. In the United States especially, the concern about the negative aspects of the digital revolution has led to government intervention in the realm of technology forecasting and social change. As technology progresses, the process of transformation is becoming more visible and more pronounced.
Technology forecasting and social change are concerned with detecting patterns in the development of society and in particular the activities associated with technology innovation. Patterns may emerge from a combination of internal and external factors. Internal factors refer to cultural assumptions, organizational culture, existing practices, policies, attitudes, and rewards. External factors refer to globalization, economic integration, environmental pressures, political instability, and other sources of shocks to the organizational system.
There are three broad categories under technology forecasting and social change. The first category is job creation. This refers to the creation of jobs and the employment opportunities associated with such jobs. Technological change and the associated job creation will affect people’s access to jobs in many ways. One way is through increased employment opportunities for people who are physically capable of doing the tasks at hand; another way is through automation, which will eliminate the need for manual labor and create more jobs in the process.
The second category is associated with changes in the types of goods and services which people can purchase and which will become available within the marketplace. These include improvements in communications technology, transportation systems, retailing, food services, finance, information management, health care, and manufacturing. Technological forecasting describes how these new capabilities will affect the marketplace and societal expectations about what people can afford and want. For instance, advancements in communications can affect the way people interact, the types of relationships they can have, the kinds of goods and services that they can purchase, the amount of time it takes them to complete certain tasks, and the ways in which they will earn money.
The third category is made up of the effects of the emerging technology core or the future technologies, as reflected in the research, technology forecasting, and social change. The effects of technology forecasting and social change will be felt across the whole of society, impacting all aspects of life. These include the quality of jobs available, the quality of the infrastructure in which these jobs are held, the costs associated with this infrastructure, the creation of work opportunities and employment for people who are disabled or who cannot work in their present capacity, the creation of affordable products and services, the ability to conduct business globally, the development of a greener and more environmentally friendly environment, the impact of migration, and the political empowerment of certain groups. These changes are being made because of either the need for these changes themselves, the need to provide those changes, or both.
The final category is the impact of technology forecasting and social change on the global and national security interests of various United States policy makers and the American public. Those interested in detecting patterns and trends in predicting the likely impact of these three categories on the security landscape should take a close look at the National Intelligence Council’s Annual Technology Assessment, the Department of Homeland Security’s Annual homeland vulnerability assessment, and the Department of Defense’s annual vulnerabilities assessment. They should also closely examine the Department of Homeland Security’s cyber defense assessments, the National Imagery and Communication Interoperability Task Force, the National Science Foundation’s climate change assessment, the Department of Transportation’s vulnerability assessment report, and the Department of Veterans Affairs’ evaluation of its use of technology. All of these examinations and reports should be used to identify the trends and vulnerabilities in U.S. national interests and in the processes of government.